The Cosmos And Human Life

The Cosmos and Human Life

------An Infinite and Circular Cosmic Modal And A Possibility of Gods’ Derivation------

Prof. Ge Lu, L.Ac., Ph.D

Hero-Bearing Medical Center

2225 S. King Road, San Jose CA, 95122 U.S.A.

(Tel): 408-217-6516

(Fig. 1)


      The author puts forward an infinite and circular cosmic model. It is held that what we could observe is only one unit among the innumerable units of the cosmos that is called the Home Cosmic Unit (HCU). The HCU is formed with the explosion of Cosmic Unit Black Holes (CUBH), i.e. Mother Black Holes (MBH). Countless cosmic units that experience different developing phases include formation from CUBH, explosion, development, maturing, licked up phase by other forming CUBH constitute the infinite and circular cosmos. The shell fragments and dust (a part of dark matter) created by the big bang of CUBH compose the nuclei of galaxies, stars or even original planets and determine their shapes and motive patterns. The center of CUBH is a non-polon group formed by the splitting of gravitons and a repulsion source for the explosion and expansion of cosmic unit that belongs to the part of dark energy. The gravitation of adjacent cosmic units (ACU) to the HCU is the other part of dark energy that is the main energy for the current accelerating expansion of the HCU.

      The author advances three laws of the cosmos:

(1) The cosmos is infinite: Its space carrying all the things and changes is boundless and limitless; its time describing the speed of all changes is without beginning or end.

(2) The cosmos is circular: It is units of cosmic unit. Countless cosmic units that experience different developing phases include formation from CUBH, explosion, development, maturing, licked up phase by other forming CUBH constitute the infinite and circular cosmos.

      (3) The cosmos is itself generational and completely automatic running.

      The infinite and circular cosmic model can explain the observed why is the initial Home Cosmic Unit there is a phase of inflation and later decelerated expansion and the current accelerating expansion; can explain in the standard model is required after the Big Bang 4.5 billion years to form galaxies, quasars, etc., but can be able to see one billion years after the Big Bang; can explain why in the Home Cosmic Unit , according to observations, dark energy is 72.8%; dark matter is 22.7%; ordinary matter is 4.5%; can explain why there were the heavier elements in the early Home Cosmic Units and other.

      Proposed the human being should reach the different speed of the cosmos, on behalf of the varying degrees of human evolution. First cosmic speed: the object velocity reaches a balance with the Earth’ gravitational force can rotate without falling around the Earth. Second cosmic speed: the speed of an object can force out of the Earth’s gravity is reached in the solar system. Third cosmic speed: force the speed of an object can reach out of the solar system, and can run in the Milky Way. Fourth cosmic speed: force the speed of an object can reach out the Milky Way, can be run in the local group of galaxies. Fifth cosmic speed: the force can the object velocity reaches out of the local group of galaxies, can be run in the galaxy superior. The sixth cosmic speed: force speed of an object can be reached out of the galaxy superior, run in the Home cosmic unit. The seventh cosmic speed: force speed of an object can be reached out of the Home cosmic unit, run in the cosmos. Humans have only reached the sixth or seventh cosmic speed, forever will it be possible in the cosmos. The energy of Home cosmic unit black hole during the Big bang should far exceed the seventh cosmic speed energy needed before the formation of the visible Home cosmic unit today. It is not possible to retraction and Big Rip into the original Home cosmic unit black hole.

      The author points out the developing phases of human beings include (1) The embryonic phase: from inorganic substances to humans written records. (2) The infantile: from human written records to exploration of extraterrestrial space. (3) The preschool: from began to explore the outer space to walk freely in the solar system. (4) The youth: From out of the solar system to a walk in the Milky Way. (5) The adult: from out of the Milky Way galaxy to walk freely in the Home cosmic unit. (6) The eternal life: from out of the Home cosmic unit to walk freely other cosmic units. Currently, human beings are just in the transition of phase from infantile to preschool.

      Human beings should realize society in harmony; carry out scientific research continuously; promote development of human beings and strive to master all the laws of nature. All the goals must be achieved in time so that humans can leave the Earth before it is destroyed; leave the solar system before it is destroyed; leave the Galaxy before it is destroyed; leave HCU before it is destroyed. Only in this way, can human beings move freely in the cosmos fending off calamities and get good luck and achieve the goal of eternal existence. Otherwise, there will no future for human beings and they will be inevitably destroyed by natural disasters. This is not the prospect for human beings. There should be remembered forever by the descendants of human beings.

(Fig. 2)

Key Words:

Infinite and circular cosmic model (CICM)
Cosmic infinite
Cosmic circulation
Cosmic unit (CU)
Home cosmic unit (HCU)
Adjacent cosmic unit (ACU)
Black hole (BH)
Cosmic unit black hole (CUBH)
Home cosmic unit black hole (HCUBH)
Potential energy (PE)
Big Bang of HCUBH
Explosive expansion of HCU
Decelerated expansion of HCU
Accelerating expansion of HCU
Graviton splitting
BH’s radius as the graviton splitting
Graviton shell of CUBH
Non-polon group in CUBH
Dark matter (DM)
Fragments of the shell of CUBH
Star seed
Collapse of the stars
Ordinary matter (OM)
Dark energy (DE)
Repulsion of non-polon
HCUBH’s potential energy to ACU (HPEA)
Gravitation of ACU
HCU’s summation of the matter-energy (HSME)
Galaxy formation
Left hand spiral galaxy
Right hand spiral galaxy
Barred spiral galaxy
Human beings (HBs)
Embryonic phase of HBs
Infantile phase of HBs
Preschool phase of HBs
Youth phase of HBs
Adult phase of HBs
Eternal phase of HBs
Spherical galaxy
Irregular galaxy
Star Formation
Dark status
First cosmic velocity, Circular velocity or Orbital velocity
Second cosmic velocity, or Earth escape velocity
Third cosmic velocity, or Solar system escape velocity
Fourth cosmic velocity, or Milky Way escape velocity
Fifth cosmic velocity, or Galactic cluster escape velocity
Sixth cosmic velocity, or Galactic superior escape velocity
Seventh cosmic velocity, or Cosmic unit escape velocity
God creationism (devising theory)


I. An Infinite and Circular Cosmos

 (I) (I) Simple review of other cosmic models:

1. Geocentric Theory
2. Heliocentric Theory (Fig. 3)
3. Steady State Theory
4. Blowing Away Theory (Fig. 4)
5. Parallelism Theory
6. Big Bang Theory (Fig. 5)
7. Catapulting Model
8. “ Membrane “ Model
9. String Theory (Fig.6)

These models reflect the observed number of local conditions but dynamics of the cosmos did not give a reason. Therefore, they can not explain the observed why is the initial cosmic unit there is a phase of inflation and later decelerated expansion and the current accelerating expansion; not explain why the standard model to be 4.5 billion years after the Big Bang to the formation of galaxies, quasars, etc., in one billion years after the Big Bang can be seen; not explain why in the Home Cosmic Unit , according to observations, dark energy is 72.8%; dark matter is 22.7%; ordinary matter is 4.5%; not explain why there were the heavier elements in the early Home cosmic units. I have the following "An infinite and circular cosmic model" can explain these issues and others.

(II) An Infinite and Circular Cosmic Model:

The Cosmos is constituted with countless cosmic units. (Fig. 7)

1. Home Cosmic Unit (HCU): The cosmic unit in which we exist is called the home cosmic unit. It is formed by the Big Bang of a cosmic unit black hole (CUBH) rotating at high speed. Therefore, the home cosmic unit is also rotating and shape of a “ convex mirror”.

2. Adjacent Cosmic Units (ACU): The units are situated around the HCU. Their gravitation is pulling the galaxies in HCU to outside. So see, HCU is expanding.

3. Cosmic Parts among Units (CPAU): It is the remnant part of the old cosmic unit being consumed by adjacent cosmic units black hole.

   4. The Formation and Evolution of Cosmic Unit.

(1) Formation of Cosmic Unit Black Holes (CUBH): (fig 8)

A. After big bang, biggest shell fragment of preceding CUBH forms primordial base of a next CUBH (a biggest primordial black hole) to attract other celestial matter, eventually forms a new CUBH.

B. The existing very large or ultra-large black holes attract each other, collide, merge into form a new CUBH.

(2) Structure of CUBH:

A. Shell: Graviton Layer. It is made up of the particles in graviton level that are with the strongest gravitation. All the material that is attracted into CUBH, the final level is splitting gravitation particles to form the back hole or the shell layer of CUBH.

B. Center: Non-polon Group. Non-polon is a structure after the graviton splitting. In the center of CUBH, when the temperature and pressure of a very high value, the closed string graviton splitting open string or debris, call as the non-polon that is loss of gravity, the source of repulsive force, explosion power and expansion force in the cosmic unit. Non-polon is the smallest unit of matter and energy, in the cosmos "ex nihilo" source material also.

(3) Possible reasons of Explosion of CUBH: (Fig.9)
A. Maladjustment of the balance between the graviton layer (shell) and non-polon repulsion;
B. Enormous celestial body is attracted, collides, and forms explosion.

(4) Just beginning cosmic unit, when the status of the CUBH explosion as the dark status:
The composition of CUBH is black graviton particles in the shell and the non- polon in the core. They are much smaller than the photon, no light, it is called black hole. The explosion of CUBH in just beginning, the products include: shell fragments, isolated gravitons and non-polons. They also do not shine. Thus, during this period is as the dark status. Expected, if the human optical system only observation, we can only see the dark status. To learn the adjacent cosmic units (ACU), human beings can only work hard in gravity.

(5) Quasars are more in the early cosmic unit:
The dark status to the further development of its temperature and pressure is reduced. Dropped to a certain value, the non-polons and the gravitons self-organize into such as photons, electrons, etc., and enter the time can be observed. Shell fragments have been there, as the star seeds, only into the era of particles to be observed, attracted to the material with gravity to form primitive stars, galaxies. The original stars, galaxy density is high, the collision probability is relatively large. Furthermore, CUBH before the big bang, around it to attract other stars, galaxies are more higher density. After the big bang, shell fragments (star seeds) and the newly formed stars, galaxies with the other stars, galaxies that each other are attracted, collided probability is higher. Thus, today’s observation: in the early HCU to see quasars (stars, galaxies collided and exploded) are more than in the recently. Attracted to it around the other stars and galaxies substances are broken down into tiny particles in Big Bang, but from its a little far from stellar material, are likely to retain its heavy element composition, while today's telescopes.

        (6) Result of the Explosion of CUBH (Big Bang): (Fig.10)
A. Shell Fragments: It forms large or small innumerable lesser black holes (primordial black holes) or dust which compose the nucleus of galaxies, stars or even the original planets. Biggest fragment could compose a primitive nucleus of new CUBH. The shapes and motions of the original shell fragments (“star seed“) formed at the explosion moment decide the shapes and motions of the original galaxies, stars or even planets: rotate left, rotate right, barred spiral, straight, etc. And they suffer from the influence of surrounding celestial bodies and finally form the shapes and motions we see now after the long years. The shock, rotating from the non-polon and graviton plasma to form stars, galaxies, the process in the HCU can exist, but not the stars, galaxies form the mainstream. This is a product of special conditions that need in 4.5 billion years. (Fig.17) B. Central Non-polons: Small section of the non-polons (less than 5%) forms the particles at every graviton level under the function of self-organization during the gradual decrease of pressure and temperature. They then with the gravitons compose the particles at the electron, photon and quark-gluon levels, further constitute protons, neutrons, even molecules, substance, human, world today and the cosmic unit itself. Most section of the non-polons (more than 95%), as the repulsion of cosmic unit, accelerate the expansion of the cosmic unit at the early and medium stages and form one part of present “dark energy” (Fig.11).

(7) The end of Cosmic Unit (Fig.12):
Various objects from the big bang of CUBH zoom out to full 360 degrees, and form a new cosmic unit. Each part of the cosmic unit from the big bang ends the big crunch, but the collapse is in different parts of the cosmic unit, carries out at different time. The decision is by the distance between the area of its recent home and the nearest CUBH that is attracting it. In other words, the cosmic unit will fall apart, each apart separately toward different direction of the nearest CUBH. The apart eventually become the new raw materials of the CUBH. The compositions of a CUBH are from different cosmic units. Instead of a cosmic unit, the big bang crunch recurring; more than the process of the cosmos. The cosmos has been made so that by the repeated changes of the numerous cosmic units as “ metabolism” composition. Only in this way, cosmos may be infinite, circular, flat, great scale is homogeneous. Time, speed, multi-dimensional space, are that the changes in the function of infinite space. May the wisdom of human beings to further prove it, or deny it.

5. Different Layers of Energy Release:
(1) Macroscopic Layer: Comply with Newton’s law.
(2) Microcosmic Layer (Photon Layer): Comply with the energy formula E=MC2 of Einstein.
(3) Gravitation-Non-polon Layer: Unknown. The greater possibility is greater.

6. Dark matter and dark energy: (Fig.13)
(1) Dark Matter (DM): It is composed of two parts.
A. The shell products (some may release or volatilize) occurred after the big bang of CUBH.
B. The black holes formed because of collapse of the celestial bodies due to gravitation.
(2) Dark Energy (DE): It is also composed of two parts:
A, Non-polons: After the big bang of CUBH, more than 95% of central non-polons constitute the dark energy (DE-I) of a cosmic unit. It is the main energy promoting the expansion of the home cosmic unit at the early and medium stages. There is only less than 5% of non-polon self-organize under different conditions and compose all the things of present HCU together with dark matter.
B, Gravitation (DE-II) from the Adjacent Cosmic Units (ACU) to HCU: It is the main energy accelerating the expansion of the HCU at medium and late stages. The rapid HCU expansion now seeing is due to such energy. (Fig.13, 14)

7. The Summation of the matter and energy (SM-E) in the Home Cosmic Unit (HCU): (Fig.14)
The calculation with the infinite and circular cosmic theoretical model, based on the SM-E in the HCU is a constant (actually, the energy exchange exists between the HCU and the ACU, such as gravitation exchange. The energy of HCU also has a “leak”), shows that CUBH before the big bang, the shell (dark matter, DM)’s total matter-energy is about equal to the central non-polon (dark energy I, DE I)’s total matter-energy. In this way, the CUBH can maintain balance and exist for a long time.
The CUBH’s total potential energy (PE, dark energy II, DE II) to ACU is equal to CUBH’s total matter-energy (DM+DE I). DE II=DM+DE I
That is, to the CUBH in the entire cosmos for view: its potential energy (DE II) to ACU accounted for SME to 1/2; Its shell (DM) accounted for SME to 1/4; Its central non-polon repulsion (DE I) accounted for SME to 1/4.
HCU after big bang: the central non-polon’s total M-E (DE I) slightly larger than the shell’s total M-E (DM). Thus, it may explode. Meanwhile, the CUBH’s potential energy to ACU in the way of gravitational acceleration into kinetic energy (DE II), together DE I, make the HCU’s substances out flying. The sum of DE I and DE II is certainly more than the total matter-energy of the DM. DE I+DE II>DM Therefore, certainly can’t the HCU itself retract and collapse into a new CUBH. This negates “ the cosmic expansion can be their own retracted, then a big crunch” as well. The ratio of the SM-E in HCU (currently it is referred to as the “universe”) in different time and in different ways, the observable conclusions are slightly different:

	   Time            DE       DM        OM
          2006            73%      23%        4%      (K. Freeman & G. McNamara)(COBE)
          2009            71.5%     24%      4%+0.5%  (M.S. Turner)(WMAP)
          2010            72.8%     22.7%       4.5%   (Ron Cown: Science News) (Plank)
The result calculated of the infinite and circular cosmic model:
          In the CUBH:    DE (DE I+DE II)        DM
                                  75%                  25%
In the HCU (after the big bang), if considering the proportion of ordinary matter (OM) about from each half of DE and DM: an half of OM is from DM, the DM: 4.5% / 2=2.25%; an half of OM is from DE, the DE: 4.5% / 2=2.25%. The proportion of SM-E in the HCU should be: DE DM OM 75%-2.25%=72.75% 25%-2.25%=22.25% 4.5% This result is very close to the observable conclusion. Perhaps this is the real existence of the Home Cosmic Unit. (Fig.14)

8, Different velocity of the cosmos: Human beings can achieve different speed of the cosmos, on behalf of the varying degrees of human evolution.
(1) The first cosmic velocity: Speed and power of the object can balance gravity, instead of falling, around the Earth, Known.
(2) The second cosmic velocity: The object speed can force out of Earth’s gravity, can be run in the solar system, known.
(3) The third cosmic velocity: Speed and power out of solar system, objects can be run in the Milky Way, known.
(4) The fourth cosmic velocity: The speed to force the object out of the Milky Way can be run in the local group of galaxies, known.
(5) The fifth cosmic velocity: The object speed can force out of the local group of galaxies, can be run in the galaxy superior, known.
(6) The sixth cosmic velocity: The object speed can force out of the galaxy superior, can be run in the Home Cosmic Unit (HCU), known.
(7) The seventh cosmic velocity: The object speed can force out of the HCU, can be run in the cosmos, known.
Only human beings to reach the sixth or seventh cosmic speed, will it be possible in the cosmos forever. The power of the HCUBH’s big bang must have been over the speed requirements of the seventh, before the formation of the visible today home cosmic unit (HCU). It is not possible to retraction and big crunch into the original cosmic unit black hole.

9. Explainable Cosmic Questions and Physics Problems by the Infinite and Circular Cosmic Model (ICCM):

(1) Provide a viewpoint for the cosmology to justify itself. (Fig.15) The cosmos is infinite, circular, itself generating, eternality and fully automatically evolving. Other models can’t explain these features, especially the dynamics of cosmic evolution. I know this is the only to cosmic structure and evolution to justify itself a point of view. Many details could be verified or denied future generations. However justified itself is only. Hope to for reference. The so-called "universe" generally, only Home Cosmic Unit only.
(2) Explain the existence of the Great Attractor: It may be a candidate of CUBH. At present, it is attracting our Milky Way and our galaxy cluster, to 1.3 million miles per hour speed of their flying foreword to it. Perhaps hundreds of millions of years later, there will be the fate of the Milky Way. (Fig.9, 16)
(3) It could explain the shapes and motion patterns of galaxies, stars and even origin planets:
The countless fragments of varying sizes from the shell of CUBH at moment of the big bang could be called “ star seeds ”. They formed the cores of the galaxies, stars and even origin planets, and then attracted other substances, gradually formed galaxies, stars and even origin planets. These “star seeds” s’ shapes and moving patterns that were formed at moment of the big bang decided the shapes and moving patterns of the galaxies, stars and even origin planets. For example, right hand spiral galaxies: the star seeds are right hand spiral and no smooth; left hand spiral galaxies: the star seeds are left hand spiral and no smooth; barred spiral galaxies: the star seeds are barred and rotate; spherical galaxies: the star seeds are smooth and stable. After 10 billion years and more of mutual attraction, collision, together merger, explosion and other processes, the formation of the galaxy’s, the star’s and even the planet’s shapes and movements seen today. (Fig.10, 17)
(4) It could explain there was galaxy formation in 0.5-1 billion years after the big bang. (Fig.10,17). If “plasma oscillation-rotation theory” to explain, it will need 4.5 billion years.
(5) Explain the vision in the distant border, there are more quasar explosions than the near space. See above: 4, (5).
(6) Explain the explosive expansion, then decelerated explosion and at present observed accelerating expansion of HCU. (Fig.18) All the states are the result that the DE I and DE II act together on the DM and OM. The early expansion of the HCU was extremely rapidly, due to the explosion of the Home Cosmic Unit Black Hole, the result of the continuing role of the non-polon repulsion (dark energy I). With the expansion of the space, the non-polon repulsion density reducing its force with the expansion of HCU was decelerating state. Other way, the gravitation (DE-II) of Adjacent Cosmic Units to the materials within HCU has always existed, just is not obvious in the early days of HCU. With the continuous expansion of the space of the HCU, the internal material from adjacent cosmic unit distance is reduced, so that the gravitational acceleration is more and more obvious. After the expansion of more than 130 million years, the expansion of the HCU into accelerated by the deceleration state. This should be easy to understand. Moreover, it can be expected that this state has been sustained, disappeared until the various parts of the HCU encountered the nearest cosmic unit black hole, its "swallowed". The result of HCU is torn to pieces, the fragmentation of the various parts of HCU will make of new material of a different cosmic unit black holes and eventually disappeared. And other cosmic unit black holes are in the events of an explosion, the development, mature, swallowed by another cosmic unit black holes, and so on.
Also solve the cosmological constant problem. Cosmological constant is not a constant but a variable.
(7) Explain the wave-particle duality of micro-particles: The wave property of micro-particles can be seen as the macro-probability of particle property. (Fig.19)
(8) Foresee the dark status of the very early HCU: The products in big bang of HCUBH at the moment had the non-polons, gravitons (they are much smaller than the photons, so no shine.) and the fragments of shell of HCUBH (dark matter, no shine also). So, this status can call as the dark status. We can foresee if we could see beyond far 0.1 million years after the big bang, there had been dark. See above: 4, (4)
(9) It may change the matter-energy formula. The smallest unit of energy is the non-polons that are from the graviton splitting, no photons. (Fig.20)
(10) Matter-energy great united: All matter and energy have become common in the smallest unit of matter and energy, non-polons, in the center of CUBH under highest temperature and pressure. The non-polons are scattered in the expanse of space and among every material particles. It is the material basis out of nothing. (Fig.15, 21)
(11) Explain the isotropy on a large scale of the Home Cosmic Unit. (Fig.22)

10. The three laws of the cosmos: (Fig.15)
(1) The cosmos is infinite. Its space that is bearing all things is boundless and limitless; its time that is describing the changes of all things is no-start and endless.
(2) The cosmos is circular. The countless cosmic units that experience different developing phases include the formation from CUBH, explosion, development, maturing and licked up phase by other forming CUBH constitute the infinite and circular cosmos.
(3) The cosmos is itself generating and running completely automatic. Everything in the cosmos in accordance with the laws of nature in its becoming a fully automatic, not the people’s will.

II. The Earth Status in Home Cosmic Unit (HCU): (Fig.23)
(I) The Earth is a planet in the solar system. It is a very special “water ball” and develops life. (Fig.16) (II) There are at least 200 billion stars similar to the Sun in the Milky Way Galaxy. (Fig.24) (III) There are at least 100 billion galaxies similar to the Milky Way Galaxy in the HCU according to current observation and calculation. (Fig.25) (IV) The galaxy cluster and the galaxy superior: Many close galaxies (Fig.26) form a cluster of galaxies; many close clusters form a superior of galaxies. By the galaxies, clusters and superiors constitute the Home Cosmic Unit on the scale of network structure. This is a result of the interaction of the forces among the non-polon repulsion (the force is the outward) (Fig.8, 9), the local gravity (the gravity among and inside galaxies, clusters and superior; the forces are inward.) (Fig.10, 17), the self-organizing force of quanta (the force is the inward) (Fig.11) and the gravity of ACU to HCU (the force is the outward) (Fig. 13, 27). (V)The Home Cosmic Unit: Now, the human beings can observe only a small part of the HCU. The HCU only is a very common unit in the cosmos. (fig.7, 15, 28)

    III. Developing Phases of the Human Being (If it is compared to an individual developing.)
(I) Embryonic: From inorganic substance to written record for human beings.
(II) Infantile: From written record to the human beings begin to explore the space outside the Earth.
(III) Preschool: From beginning to explore the space outside the Earth to walk freely in the solar system.
(IV) Youth: From rushing out of the solar system to walk freely in the Galaxy.
(V) Adult: Form rushing out of the Galaxy to walk freely in Home Cosmic Unit (HCU).
(VI) Eternal Life: Human beings could rush out of HCU and enjoy eternal life in other cosmic units. Currently, human beings are in the transition stage from infantile to preschool periods during which the human beings begin to outstretch their feet to explore the celestial bodies except the Earth-the cradle of Human Beings, such as the Moon, Mars, Venus or even the edge of the solar system, and so on.

      IV. Relationship between human beings and Gods:
( I ) Definition of God: God is the spirit of supreme wisdom mastering all the laws of nature and can transcend time and space creating lives.
( II )Possibility of Gods' existence: In terms of the Home Cosmic Unit (HCU), human beings came into being during the Earth’s 4.6 billion years according to the theory of Evolution. The Galaxy has existed for more than 13 billion years and among the stars in it, there are at least 200 billion fixed stars similar to the Sun. If we calculate the possibility not by 1 %, nor by one ten-thousandth but by one hundred-millionth there should be lives with wisdom existing in the 2000 fixed stars and their planets in the Galaxy. It is generally estimated that 1/3 of the lives have lower wisdom than human beings, another 1/3 equal wisdom and the final 1/3 higher wisdom. And then there should be about 700 stars having lives with higher wisdom than human beings. In the HCU, there are at least 100 billion Galaxies among which one hundred- millionth of them could have lives. That is, among 1,000 celestial bodies, some 300 would have lives with greater wisdom than human beings. So, in the HCU, there should be 210,000 celestial bodies having lives with higher wisdom than human beings. If just 1% of them master all the laws of nature there should be 2,100 lives with supreme wisdom. They probably could transcend time and space and create lives. If we evaluate the existence of God in terms of the infinite Cosmos, the answer is definite. (Fig.29)

      ( III )The origin of life on earth: There are two explanations that have caused much controversy.
1, God creationism (devising theory): As shown in the present literature on archaeology, molecular biology and genetics, 60-70% favors God creationism over evolution.
2, Evolution theory: About 30-40% of the literature is in favor of it. (Fig.30)
The author holds that evolution is the cause and process while Gods are the results, the supreme stage of evolution. Without evolution Gods are rootless; without Gods evolution is fruitless. Human beings represent a stage of considerable importance, but, they are not the final result. Now, scientific development has made it possible for human beings to do the most elementary things which only God used to be able to do, such as discovering hereditary DNA, exploring the possibility to transform DNA to cure diseases, culturing cells (the basic component of life) and even in the process of generating tissues, like muscles and epithelia, or making organs, like auricle, liver and kidney etc. Human beings have landed on the Moon and now are engaging in exploring further to Mars and beyond. There will be no limit to human beings’ future evolution. That is in the direction of Gods. It is also the crossing point of God creationism and evolution theory. This may bring evolution and Gods together. It is the direction of human beings’ endeavors instead of arguing over concepts and delaying development.

      (IV) Relationship between human beings and Gods:
1. Evolution theory: It advocates conducting research on nature in a scientific way to find out laws of nature so as to master them and transform nature for the benefit and future development of human beings. It generally doesn’t accept the existence of Gods. In fact, as mentioned above, if the theory of evolution as the natural laws of the cosmos in an important, and it happens to be the best evidence of the existence of Gods, can’t believe that evolution exists only above the Earth, but also can’t think evolution exists only exist on the Earth 4.5 billion years. The theory of evolution should be a universal law of the cosmos, can such a consensus, in the infinite cosmos evolved more than God. This think should be a rational, right thinking. The atheism and monotheism are too paranoid, of course, this is also a human recognize the natural an inevitable process. Only recognize the possibility of the presence of many Gods, human beings will not be a God to fight to the bitter end; human society will have eternal peace possibilities. Humans may be united to learn from Gods, to strive to master all the laws of nature for human immortalized forever.
2. God creationism: It claims that human beings and all the objects are created by God. Human beings can only obey and respect God and adhere to all the arrangements by God. The author thinks that God or nature endows human beings with wisdom and capabilities, but how to do everything should be decided by human beings themselves. In addition to respecting God and prey for God’s help, human beings should learn from God so as to master the laws of nature and try to reach the level of God’s wisdom and knowledge for the eternal life existence of them. If they only respect and prey, it is like that God giving human beings a lifeboat but the humans get nowhere, they just remain where they are, kowtowing and preying. God can’t carry them to the lifeboat. They should act, that is, to do scientific research, research on society, the Cosmos and human’s body so as to master all the laws of nature and human’s body. Only in this way, can human beings move freely in the cosmos fending off calamities and get good luck and achieve the goal of eternal existence. Otherwise, there will be no future for human beings and they will be inevitably destroyed by natural disasters, such as, collision of celestial bodies, ruin of the Sun or the Earth. Or human beings will destroy themselves in, such as, rampant nuclear wars or massacres in germ wars, and so on. There is also the problem of time for human beings in the process of learning from God for self saving. All the goals must be achieved in time so that they can leave the Earth before it is destroyed, leave the Solar system before it is destroyed, leave the Galaxy before it is destroyed and leave the Home Cosmic Unit before it is destroyed. Otherwise, there will be no future for human beings

(V) Individual’s roles in the history of human beings:
An individual is just only a fleeting moment in the long history of human beings. Due to the endeavors of our ancestors, the ever-developing human beings should also be inherited and developed by countless offspring.
Individual’s roles in the history of human beings:
1, Throughout his whole lifetime, an individual should create, maintain and enjoy a life, harmonious and happy with the community.
2, An individual should promote, support or join in the progress of society and development of scientific research.
3, An individual should give birth to and bring up offspring as successors who strive for eternal life and existence.
Summing up the above-mentioned two kinds of viewpoints of the God creationism and the Evolution theory, the aims of human beings: (1) Creating, maintaining and enjoying life, harmony and happiness with the community.
(2) Striving for succession, development and eternal existence of human beings.
The way to achieve the two aims is to keep society in harmony and to develop and create scientific research so as to master all laws of nature and thus attain the maximum freedom in the Cosmos.
Therefore, at present, both God creationism and evolution theory demand human beings to learn better and research for the sake of society, including harmony between human beings and nature and the inner harmony of human society, so as to enjoy realistic happiness together in society, to develop science and technology and to bring up offspring for eternal existence of human beings. For the final goal of eternal existence, both God creationism and evolution require human beings to do the same thing. Of course, there is difference in cognition. The God creationism believers hold that human beings needn’t do anything more than depend on God to enable them to achieve the goal requested by God. This viewpoint is incorrect, as has been shown by thousands of years of history. The progress of human society, improvement of life, gradual accumulation of knowledge of nature and significant improvement of mobility and freedom on the Earth are the outcome of ceaseless endeavors of human beings. Esteeming God only without doing anything can only make the mankind stay in infantile stage without any progress and even lead to destruction, such as the disappearance of Maya Civilization and Ester Island People. But it doesn’t mean that we don’t need God’s blessing. On the contrary, we rely on God’s guidance, disciplines and enlightenment.

V. Actions to be taken by human beings:
(I) Establish universal and exquisite codes of ethics and just and fair social criteria to be esteemed and executed. For the individual, it is easy to know but hard to do; for the society, it is both hard to know and to do. However, human beings, conscious of the hardship ahead, must advance and grope forward. Respect God and the doctrines of the sages and men of virtues, set up codes of ethics complying with the maximum benefit of the contemporary human beings and respect them and act accordingly. The difficulty lies in two aspects: 1, An individual may act against the codes of ethics because of his aspirations and interests. As to the codes of ethics including various religious doctrines, we are educated from kindergarten on, in elementary schools, high schools, universities and society. Thus it is easy to know that one should be honest, love mutually, respect the old, help the young, to be fair, just, modest and peaceful and true to one’s promise. However, self-interests, reputation or chances for existence may give rise to continuous conflicts and crimes. 2, Different times, societies, religions and countries may have different codes of ethics and hence, contradictions and conflicts may occur. Wars take place continuously among societies, ethnic groups, nations, religions and interest groups due to conflicts in religious beliefs, reputation, interests, cultures and nationalities. Generally speaking, this shows that human beings are still naïve and immature. Human beings’ history over the past thousands of years has witnessed strife and wars. In retrospect, few wars took place for the promotion of human beings’ progress and development. Countless wars only brought slaughters and destruction and caused retroversion. Now, the more advanced the science is, the more cruel the war. Many leaders haven’t learnt any lesson form human beings’ history of wars but only repeat the crime of the history. Along with the development of the society and the progress of science, leaders of higher codes of ethics and wisdom are needed to guide, to arrange and to distribute so as to ensure development in the right direction. Then the question arises: how to select leaders. There are already systems such as, democratic election, trials and evaluations in a party, appointment by a certain person and hereditary succession etc. or coup, seize power by force, so on and so forth, all for grabbing leadership. What is encouraging is that there are now some good models. For instance, in Europe which has experienced thousands of years’ war, the European Union has come into being for consultations among the countries to achieve consensus and unity. The United Nations has played a positive role in many ways in the past decades, though the achievements are less than expected. People have come to realize the importance of negotiation, harmony, concession, mutual benefit, win-win and all-win. At present, although there are still people and countries who resort to war, the general trend of gradual development and maturity of human beings is correct.

(II) Promote precise and beneficial scientific research and accelerate social development to move forward to eternal existence of human beings. Comparatively speaking, this is something hard to understand but easy to do.
1, Definition of Science:
(1) Broad sense: Under the condition and cognition at the time, seeking the best method to solve problem and make use is science. For example, traditional Chinese medicine is a good example. Ancestors were wild plants will be cultivated as grain, vegetables, fruits; wild animal trained to poultry and livestock, but also a good actual proof.
(2) Narrow sense: Set of methods and systems that have been developed from experiments, observation, theory and practice with Europe as its center in the past hundreds of years is the science. The development of modern science and technology brings the improvement of human health and the improvement of living standards and freedom everywhere.
2, Purpose and significance of scientific research: The purpose and meaning that more and more accurate understanding of the laws of nature in order to better adapt to the natural environment, more beautiful and improve the human condition, in order to mankind's eternal life forever.
3, The Possible results of scientific research: (1) Positive: (2) Negative:

VI. Major catastrophes and problems facing human beings and measures to be taken in response:
(I) In the nature:
1. Collision of celestial bodies
(1) Collision with the Earth: Asteroids and comets are a higher chance of collision of the earth. On July 4th, 2005 the “Deep Impact” launched by NASA succeeded in hitting Comet Tempel I. This is an important step for human beings to guard against collision of celestial bodies.
(2) Collision with the Solar system: The star distance is much larger than the diameter of stars, it is a very low probability of collision, so generally not considered collision with the Solar system.
(3) Collision with the Galaxies: The intergalactic distance galaxy diameter smaller proportion, the higher the probability of collision. See in space galaxy collided abound.
(4) Drawn by great attracter (maybe is a cosmic unit black hole) and be destroyed: This is a part of the destruction of the Home cosmic unit. Human beings can or can’t survive in this destruction is the key to whether mankind can be immortalized forever.
The Earth’s motion in the Cosmos: (Fig.16)
i. The Earth revolves on its own axis 1000 mph.
ii. The Earth revolves around the Sun 67,000 mph.
iii. The Solar system moves in the orbit of the Galaxy 500,000 mph.
iv. The Galaxy flies towards the Great Attracter (in the direction of the Centaur) 1,300,000 mph with the Galaxy group. There may be the ultimate destination of the clusters of galaxies, but before this, the Milky Way might have been collision with Andromeda.

2. Change of the Sun
(1) Change of the temperature of the Sun
(2) Change of the sunspots of the Sun
(3) Change of the magnetic field of the Sun
(4) The Solar storm

3. Self-change of the Earth
(1) Reverse rotation of the geomagnetic poles: influence on growth and activities of the organisms.
(2) Change of the Earth axis and orbit: beginning and end of glacial age.
(3) Influence on the Earth crust by the motion of the Earth’s core: earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, the Earth cracking, mountains collapsing and upheavals of the Earth and so on.
(4) Natural differentiation of the Earth’s surface:
i. Desertification: Increase year by year while the cultivated areas decrease.
ii. Water distribution: The shortage of irrigation and drinking water gets more and more acute.
iii. Temperature change: Growing warmth makes glaciers melt and the sea level rise that submerges a land. Growing cold causes the beginning of the glacial age and extinction of many creatures. This is more horrible.
iv. Vegetation: The vegetation changes along with temperature as well as deforestation. The other way round, the change in vegetation has impact on the temperature, environment and existence of human beings.
v. Natural variation of microbes: Harmful variation will menace existence of human beings.

( II ) Human being’s behaviors:
1. Difference in religions: Mutual tolerance is needed; otherwise, there will be continuous wars. Recognize that many gods exist the possibility to dilute the concept of a God, the only way humans can truly mutual tolerance, mutual respect. Otherwise, multiple monotheistic, and believe that the other is "Evil cult" in an attempt to destroy and then quickly, in order to dominate the world, will eventually fight to the bitter end. Human internal war is endless. This is also the fundamental source of "terrorism". Mankind only to realize that the laws of nature, and to understand the meaning of God, to understand the ultimate purpose and meaning of human, dilute or abandon the concept of a God, Dear polytheism, learning to Gods, the internal unity joint efforts to grasp the laws of nature, in order to reach the realm of Gods to eternal life forever. Again, I can only say that is not the case, humans are not promising. Atheism so also made in the low-ability human arrogant, selfish, lawless, not afraid punishment. Eventually lead to moral decay, ethics disorders, outrageous, was destroyed by a natural disaster or man-made disasters. If that is the case, human beings can‘t immortalized forever.
2. Difference in cultural habits: Mutual respect is needed; otherwise there will be incessant disputes.
3. Difference in political systems: Historical evaluation is needed. Don’t resort to war to augment sufferings.
4. Scientific research and protection of human beings:
(1) Research on atomic nucleus and beyond: Until research of gravitation, graviton, non-polon and all the particles (Fig.31, 32, 33). Their quality, energy only totally clear and be human use, the human will from may be closer to eternal life forever.
(2) Research on genes (DNA, RNA etc.): Reformation and innovation of species.
(3) Research on human structure, function and spirit: Mankind must continue to study and understand their own. The body of molecules is not eternal life forever.
(4) Research on fatal microbes: To prevent it from destroying mankind.
(5) Improvement and protection of natural environment: It is very important and very complex. Ensure human survival and evolution.
(6) Research on celestial bodies and cosmos: To humans that the direction of the future. (Fig.7, 15)

VII. Goal and significance of human life:
( I )Goal of human life:
1. Individuals create and enjoy the life, harmony and happiness with the community.
2. Promotion of social progress and scientific research development
3. Giving birth to and bringing up offspring for human beings’ inheritance, reproduction and eternal existence. Eternal existence is the final goal of human beings.

      (II) Significance of human life:
The greatest significance of human life lies in lifetime endeavor and contribution for either one, or two, or three of the above-mentioned items, also the enjoyment of life and happiness at the same time. To achieve eternal life and existence is the final goal for which countless individuals exert themselves and make contribution. The realization of the final goal depends on:
1. Human beings’ efforts and harmony;
2. Gods’ guidance and help;
3. Human beings’ chance and fate.
Among the above three points, only the first one can be ensured by human beings. If efforts are made and the goal is achieved, that’s a success. This is what human beings aspire to and is their blessing. If human beings make efforts but fail to achieve their goal, their experience of existence in the Cosmos is still worthwhile, just as an individual’s life experience in the world. If human beings have the chance but do not to seize it and work hard, and instead they murder one another, it is totally impossible for them to be successful. And finally, they will be destroyed and this shouldn’t be what they expect.
Be aware of infinity of the Cosmos, usher in peace in all ages;
Promote progress of the society and strive for human beings’ eternal existence.
This is the message of this article.
It is wished that social sages, political elite, prominent academic figures and all human beings will join in the promotion, support, contribution, perfection of the colossal undertaking.
It is hoped that human beings will learn from God with their own abilities and actions to uplift their wisdom and ability to the level of God for their salvation and eternal existence.
Human beings must help themselves and then Gods will help them.
Only the people with some persons paying attention to the heaven are hopeful, while the people who are only mindful of things around their feet have no future.

( The End )


1. Ge Lu. The Cosmic infinite and circulation. The Journal of UFO Research, 1995, Vol. 89. P. 10-12. (in Chinese)
2. Ge Lu. The infinite and circulation of cosmos and the past, now and future of mankind---Analysis to cosmos and mankind by combining the viewpoint of Chinese philosophy with science as forming a whole---. Dissertation for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Oriental Medicine. 2002. American Liberty University. ( in Chinese; abstract in English ).
3. Adam Frank. How an amateur astronomer changed stellar astrophysics. Astronomy, Nov. 2009 P.48-53.
4. New observation have smashed the old view of our universe. What now? Scientific American. Jan. 1999. Front cover.
5. Parallelism Theory. A screw cosmic model in mathematics. Science News. June 24 2006. Back cover.
6. Tim Folger. A universe built for us. Discover, Dec. 2008. P. 52-58.
7. Paul J. Steinhardt. Why the universe had no beginning. Astronomy, Apr. 2009. P.28-33.
8. David Castelvecchi. Galaxy clusters slide to the south. Mysterious flow could call universe’suniformity into question. Science News. Oct. 25,2008. P.12.
9. Editor’s picks. Top 10 discoveries of the last 35 years. 4, faster than a speeding bullet. Astronomy, Aug. 2008. P.40.
10. Abraham Loeb. Going faster than the speed of light. Astronomy. Jan. 2009. P.12.
11. Michael E. Bakich. The northern sky’s top 10 galaxies. 5. The Needle Galaxy ( NGC 4565 ). Astronomy, Nov. 2008. P.60.
12. Simon Dedeo. Big Bang vs. Black Holes. Astronomy, Dec. 2006. P.62.
13. Editors’ picks. Top 10 discoveries of the last 35 years. 9. An attraction of massive proportions. The Great Attractor. Astronomy, Aug. 2008. P.37.
14. Chris Schur. Globular cluster NGC 6712. Astronomy, Dec. 2008. P.85.
15. Jan Ambjorn, Jerzy Jurkiewicz and Renate Loll. The Self-Organizing Quantum Universe. Scientific American, Jul. 2008. P.42-49.
16. Timothy Clifton and Pedro G. Ferreira. Does Dark Energy Really Exist? Scientific American, Apr. 2009. P.48-55.
17. David Biello. Dark Matter Discovery. Scientific American. Nov. 2006. P 36.
18. Kathryn Garfield. Did life begin in space? Discover. Nov. 2006. P.16.
19. Liz Kruesi. Colliding galaxies have shocking good time. Astronomy. Nov.2009. P.23.
20. Liz Kruesi. What do we really know about dark matter? Astronomy. Nov.2009. P.30-31.
21. Ken Freeman, Geoff McNamaro. “ In Search of Dark Metter “. Praxis Publishing. 2006. P.136.
22. Micheal S. Turner. Origin of the universe, Scientific American. Sep. 2009. P.36-43.
23. Ron Cowen. Heavyweights spotted in the early universe. New found massive galaxies may force theorists to revisit leading formation model. Science News. Apr. 25, 2009. P.5-6.
24. Ron Cowen. Beyond Galileo’s universe. Science News. May 23, 2009. P.22-28.
25. Liz Kruesi. Galaxies may be have formed from primordial gas alone. Astronomy. June 2009. P.18
26. Hubble Site. Spitzer and Hubble Team up to Find “ Big Baby “ Galaxies in the Newborn Universe. Release Images Sep. 27, 2005.
27. NASA Hubble Space Telescope Collection. Astronomers Find One of the Youngest and Brightest Galaxies in the Early Universe ( Abell 1689-zD1 ). Release Date: Feb. 12, 2008.
28. Physics Department of Stanford University. The Fundamental Particle Diagram.
29. Editor. How does gravity bends light in space? Science Illustrated. May/June 2009. P.28.
30. Liz Kruesi, Roen Kelly. Light’s dual personality. Is light a wave or a particle? Science says both. Astronomy. July 2009. P.34-35.
31. Roen Kelly. Sensing gravity waves. Astronomy. Sep. 2008. P.24.
32. Michael Klesius. Neutrino Observatory. National Geographic. Oct. 2006. P.22.
33. Ron Cowen. New Solar System. Science News. Aug. 19, 2006. P.115.
34. Francis Reddy. Where will astronomy be in 35 years? Astronomy. Aug. 2008. P.31
35. Josh Faber. When galaxies merge their central black holes combining to form a single, more massive black hole. Astronomy. July 2009. p.45.
36. D.P. Milky Way disarmed. Astronomy. Sep.2008. P.21.
37. Henoy Hsieh. Are comets and asteroids the same thing? The Solar System. 2008. P.80-85.
38. David J. McComas. Can we send a spacecraft to the sun? Astronomy. Dec.2006. P.42-47.
39. James Trefil and Wando O’Brien-Trefil. What can neutrinos tell us about the universe? Astronomy. Dec. 2009. P.31-35.
40. Francis Reddy. Pluto gets the boot! Astronomy. Dec. 2006. P.78-79.
41. L. K. Baby stars found at galactic center. Astronomy. Oct. 2009. P.22.
42. Francis Reddy. New Spitzer mosaic unveils galaxy’s heart. Astronomy. Sep. 2008. P.18.
43. Ron Cowen. Giant black holes in nearby galaxies may be more massive than thought. Science News. July 4, 2009. P.5-6.
44. Liz Kruesi. Will dark energy tear the universe apart? Science News. July 4, 2009. P.5-6.
45. Editor picks. Top 10 stories of 2008. 5, Fermi blasts off: This all-sky view. Astronomy. Jan. 2009. P.34-35.
46. Liz Kruesi. How we mapped the Milky Way. Astronomy. Oct.2009. P.28-29.
47. Glenn Chaple. Cruise the Milky Way. Astronomy. Sep. 2009. P.70.
48. Robert Benjamin. How astronomers glimpse the naked galaxy. Astronomy. Feb. 2007. P.58-63.
49. Bruce dorminey. The stars that revealed the vastness of the universe. The dwarf galaxy I Zwicky 18. Astronomy. Sep. 2009.P.48-53.
50. Tony and Daphne Hallas. The Cigar Galaxy (M 82 active galaxy). Astronomy. Nov. 2008. p.61.
51. Liz Kruesi. HST back in business. (Arp 147, “10” Galaxy) Astronomy. Feb. 2009. P.20.
52. R. T. Twisting the night away.(Arp 194). Astronomy. Aug. 2009. P.21.
53. Ed Fomelont, Ron Ekers, Wil Van Breugel ,Kate Ebneler and J. M. Uson. Extended lobes of radio emission NGC 1316. Astronomy. Feb. 2009. P.54.
54. Robert Benjamin. Why are galaxies so bright? Sombrero Galaxy (M 104). Astronomy. Sep. 2009. P.54.
55. David J. Eicher. The Hercules cluster and M 83 ( R.Jay GaBany. Spiral galaxy M 83 ). Astronomy. Seo. 2009. P.79.
56. Tony Hallas. The Andromeda Galaxy (M 31). Astronomy. Sep. 2009. P58-59.
57. Al Kelly. Face-on spiral galaxy NGC 3184. Astronomy. Sep. 2009. P.63.
58. John Vickery and Jim Matthes. The Whale Galaxy (NGC 4631) in Canes Venatici Travels through space. Astronomy. Nov. 2008. P.61.
59. Donald Stewart. The heart of the Whirlpool Galaxy. The Planetary Report. May/June 2009. P.13.
60. Stephen J. O’Meara. Take the Ghost Hunt Challenge. R.Jay GaBany. Ghost Hunt #14. Astronomy. Oct. 2009. P.57.
61. Rogelio B. Andreo. This wide-field view ( the Orion, The Hunter ). Astronomy. Sep. 2009. P.57.
62. Steve Coe. Explore forgotten. Scorpius. Astronomy. June 2007. P.60-63.
63. Andreas B’Ker and Axel Martin. The Large Magellanic Cloud. Astronomy. Sep. 2009. P.33.
64. Ryan M. Hannahoe. The Ela Carinae Nebula ( NGC 3372 ). Astronomy. Sep. 2009. p.64.
65. Raymont Shubinski. All about the Horsehead Nebula. The Dark Cloud Barnard ( B 68 ). Astronomy. Dec. 2006. P.66-71.
66. Michael E. Bakich. What is a Bok globule? Astronomy. Sep. 2008. P.59.
67. Don Taylor. The Baby Nebula ( IC 1848 ). Astronomy. Sep. 2009. P.65.
68. Daniel B. Phillips. The Running Man Nebula ( NGC 1973-5-7 ). Astronomy. Sep. 2009. P.65.
69. John Chumack. The Seagull Nebula ( IC 2177 ). Astronomy. Nov. 2009. P.79
70. Adam Block. The Trifid Nebula ( M 20 ). Astronomy. Dec. 2009. P.70.
71. Adam Block. The Orion Nebula ( M 42 ). Astronomy. Dec. 2009. P.47.
72. Mario Livio. Hubble’s Top 10. 6th Supermassive Black Holes Galore ( Plasma Jet ). Scientific American. July 2006. P.47.
73. Ron Cowen. Giant black holes in nearby galaxies may be more massive than thought. Galactic Black Hole Mass vs. Bulge Mass. Science News. July 4, 2009. P.5-6.
74. L. K. Black hole jets observed in new light. Astronomy. Aug. 2009. P.21.
75. L. K. Astronomers identify--- Black hole twins. Astronomy. Jun. 2009. P.20.
76. Robert Mera. Giant disk of cold gas and dust fuels possible black hole at the core of NGC 4261. The Planetary Report. May/June 2009. P.16.
77. Jean-Pierre Lasota. Unmasking Black Holes. Scientific American. May 1999. P.44.
78. Abraham Loeb. The Dark Ages of the Universe. Scientific American. Nov. 2006. P.46-53.
79. Mario Livio. Hubble Top 10. 10th. The accelerating universe. Scientific American. July 2006. P.49.
80. Mario Livio. Hubble Top 10. 8th. The edge of space. Scientific American. July 2006. P.48.
81. Stephen J. O’meara. The Christmas Cross: A matter of life and death. Astronomy. Dec. 2009. P.58-59.
82. Richard Talcott. Hubble ‘s grand new vistas. Astronomy. Dec. 2009. P.24-29.
83. Bill and Sally Fletcher. The constellation Orion. Astronomy. Dec. 2009. P.72.
84. Dean Salman. Go deep for faint nebular with astroimager. The Snake Nebula ( Barnard 72 ). Astronomy. July 2009. P.46-51
85. Rick Blair. Planetary Society Members Salute the Hubble Space telescope. The Planetary Report. May/June 2009. P.12.
86. Daniel B. Phillips. IC 1287. Astronomy. Dec. 2009. P.69.
87. NASA/ESA/Hubble Heritage Team. Bright stars hide heart of darkness. Astronomy. Feb. 2009. P.10-11.
88. Daniel C. Good. Dark Nebula Barnard 86. Astronomy. Feb. 2007. P.95.
89. Origins of a Revolution in Hardcover. Science Illustrated. Nov/Dec. 2009. P.40-43.
90. Tina Hesman Saey. Molecular Evolution. Science News. Jan.31,2009. P.26
91. Sid Perkins. Step-by-step Evolution. Science News.Jan.31,2009. P.30.
92. Tina Hesman Saey. Evidence of recent evolution. Science News. Jan.31,2009. P. 29.
93. David M. Kingsley. From Atoms to Trails. Scientific American. Jan. 2009. P.52-59.
94. Roen Kelly. The universe’s expansion. Astronomy. July 2010. P.34.
95. David C. Catling and Kevin J. Zahnle. The Planetary Air Leak. Scientific American. May 2009. P.36-43.
96. Bill Cooke. Why is the Moon’s orbital distance increasing over time? Astronomy. June 2007. P.65.
97. How fast are moving in the universe? Science ILLUSTRATED. Mar/Apr. 2008. P30.
98. Avery E. Broderick and Abraham Loeb. Portrait of a Black Hole. Scientific American. Dec. 2009. P.42-49.
99. Editors’ picks. Top 10 stories of 2008. (9) Seeing the cosmos’ dark flow. Astronomy. Jan. 2009. P.31.
100. Roen Kelly. How big are black holes? Astronomy. Jan. 2009. P.63.
101. Editor’s picks. Top 10 discoveries of the last 35 years. (5) Black Holes---really. Astronomy. Aug. 2008. P.40.
102. Steve Nadis. How we could see another universe. Astronomy. June 2009. P.26-29.
103. Adam Frank. How astronomers cracked the Einstein code. Astronomy. Sep. 2008. P.22-27.
104. Sten Odenwald. The coming solar superstorm. Astronomy. Sep.2008. P.34-39.
105. F. R. Black holes wind up galaxy arms. Astronomy. Sep. 2008. P.19.
106. Daniel Verschatse. The Antennae ( NGC 4038 and NGC 4039 ). Astronomy. Nov. 2009. P.57.
107. Alan Goldstein. Watch as galaxies collide. Astronomy. Nov. 2009. P.56-59.
108. John Herschel. The colliding spiral galaxy. NGC 2207 and IC 2163. Astronomy. Nov. 2009. P.57.
109. Filippo Ciferri. In our accelerating universe, the Milky Way could separate from distant galaxies like M 100 at a rate exceeding light-speed. Astronomy. Jan. 2009. P.12.
110. James Trefil and Wanda O’Brien-Trefil. The day Earth come to life. Astronomy. Sep. 2009. P.24-29.
111. Robert Zimmerman. What makes Mira tick? Astronomy. Feb. 2007. P.42-47.
112. France Reddy and Dana Berry. When planets stray. Astronomy. Feb. 2007. P.66-69.
113. Ray Jayawardhana. What revved up the galaxy’s hyperfast stars? Astronomy. Sep. 2009. P.30-35.
114. Francis Reddy. The supernova next door. Astronomy. June 2007. P.32-37.
115. Liz Kruesi. Colliding galaxies have shocking good time. Astronomy. Nov. 2009. P.23.
116. Liz Kruesi. What do we really know about dark matter? Astronomy. Nov. 2009. P.28-33.
117. Ray Villard. Hubble’s top 5 science discoveries. (4) The universe’s expansion rate nailed down. Astronomy. July 2010. P.30-35.
118. Bruce Dorminey. What galaxy superclusters tell us about the universe? Astronomy. Jan. 2010. P.28-33.
119. Space Telescope triumphs: Hubble’s top 5 science discovers. (1) Galaxies evolved from smaller structures; (2) Supermassive black holes are common in galaxies; (3) Dark energy exists; (4) The universe’s expansion rate nailed down: 74.3 km/sec/Mpc < 5%; (5) Sampling the atmospheres of extrasolar planets. Astronomy. July 2010. P.30-35.
120. Tamara M. Davis. Is the universe leaking energy? Scientific American. July 2010. P.38-47.
121. Charles H. Lineweaver and Tamara M. Davis. Misconceptions about the Big Bang. Scientific American. March 2005. P.36-45.
122. Stephen Hawking will now take your questions. 10 questions. Time. Nov. 15, 2010. P.8.
123. Michael D. Lemonick. Let There Be Light. Time. Sep. 4,2006. P.42-51.
124. Christen Brownlee. Nurture Takes The Spotlight. ---Decoding the environment’s role in development and disease. Science News. June 24,2006. P.392-393*396.
125. Charles Petit. Ultramassive: As Big as it gets. Science News. Oct.25.2008. P.18-23.
126. Laura Sanders. Scientists gain helical spin control. Science News. Apr.25.2009. P.12.
127. Solmaz Barazesh. Viruses could power devices. Science News. Apr.25.2009. P.12.
128. Tom Siegfried. A New View of Gravity. Science News. Sep.5.2010. P.26-29.
129. Susan Gaidos. Starting anew. Science News. Feb.13.2010. P.22-26.
130. Phil Plait. Why size matter. Discover. Dec. 2010. P.58-62.
131. Corey Powell. Discover 50 best brains in science 2008. Discover. Dec. 2008. P.28-51.
132. Glowing Jellyfish. The secret lives of cells. Science Illustrated. Mar/Apr.2008. P.72-77.
133. Kip S. Thorne. Black Holes & Time Warps. W.W. Norton & Company 1994.
134. Kip S. Thorne. Black Holes & Time Warps. W.W.Norton & Company. 1994.
135. Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania International Bible Students Association. Life---How did it get here? By evolution or by creation? 1984.
136. Patrick Moore and Fred Watson. Astronomica. Millennium House. Australia. 2007.
137. Stephen Hawking & Leonard Mlodinow. A Briefer History of Time. Bantam Dell. A Division of Random House, Inc. New York. U.S.A. 2005.
138.Ken Freeman & Geoff McNamara. In Search of Dark Matter. 2006 Praxis Publishing Ltd. Germany.
139.Jean-Louis Heudier & Charles Frankel. The Night Sky. Firefly Books Ltd. 2004.
140. Lars Lindberg Christensen, Bob Fosbury & Martin Kornmesser. Hubble --- 15 years of Discovery. NASA/ESA. 2005.
141. Linda K. Glover & A.Chaikin, P.S. Daniels, A. Gianopoulos, J.T. Malay and B. Aldrin. National Geographic Encyclopedia of Space. National Geographic. Washington D.C. 2005.
142. Fulvio Melia. The Edge of Infinity. Supermassive Black Holes in the Universe. Cambridge. 2003.
143. Martin Rees. Universe. Dorling Kindersley Limited Publishing Inc. New York. USA. 2005.
144. Roger Penrose. The Road to Reality. A Complete Guide To The Laws Of The Universe. Random House, Inc., New York. 2005.
145. Seth Lloyd. Programming The Universe. A quantum computer scientist Take on the cosmos. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 2006.
146. Leonard Susskind. The Black Hole War. My battle with Stephen Hawking to make the world safe for quantum mechanics. Little, Brown and Company. Hachette Book Group USA. 2008.
147. Marcia Bartusiak. Archives of the Universe. A treasury of astronomy’s historic works of discovery. Pantheon Books, New York. 11/2004.
148. Karl F. Kuhn and Theo Koupelis. In Quest Of The Universe. 4th Edition. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc. USA. 2004.
149. Robin Kerrod. Hubble, The mirror on the universe. Firefly Books Ltd., Manufactured in Singapore by Pica Digital Pte Ltd. Printed in China. 2004.
150. David DeVorkin and Robert W. Smith. Hubble: Imaging Space And Time. National Geographic Society. Washington, D.C. USA. Printed in China. 2008.
151. Heather Couper. Universe. Stunning satellite imagery from outer space. Thunder Bay Press. San Diego, CA. USA. Printed in China.2006.
152. Carole Stott, Robert Dinwiddie, David Hughes and Giles Sparrow. Space from earth to the edge of the universe. Dorling Kindersley Limited. 2010. Printed in China.
153. National Geographic Society. The Science Book. Peter Delius Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. Berlin. 2008. Printed In China.
154. 卢戈 ,宇宙的无限与循环,《 飞碟探索 》 1995; 89; 10-12.
155. 卢戈 ,宇宙的无限与循环及人类的过去,现在与未来。---东方哲学观与科学相结合,整体对宇宙和人类的分析。 2002年 American Liberty University 东方医学哲学博士论文。( 英文摘要)
156. 李良:探索宇宙奥秘。河南科学技术出版社。2003.10
157. 加来道雄:平行宇宙。伍义生,包新周译。重庆出版社 2008.9。
158. 史蒂芬 霍金,列纳德 蒙洛迪诺:时间简史。吴忠超译。湖南科学技术出版社 2005.
159. 史蒂芬 霍金:果壳中的宇宙。吴忠超译。湖南科学技术出版社 2001.
160. 约翰 巴罗:宇宙的起源。卞毓麟译。上海科学技术出版社 2007.9.
161.《 大辞典 》三民书局,中台印刷厂, 1985 年 P. 751
162. 张默生 ,《 老子新释 》 大夏出版社 , 1990 年
163. 池田大作[ 日 ]、 狄尔鲍拉夫 [ 德 ],《 走向21世纪的人 与哲学–寻求新的人类 》宗成有等译,北京大学出版社,1992 年
164. 罗家伦,《 新人生观 》文国书局,1984 年
165. 《 简明大英百科全书 》台湾中华书局,1989 年 P.409
166. 约翰–皮尔。卢米涅 [ 法 ],《 黑洞 》,卢炬普译,湖南科 学技术出版社,2001
167.基普 S 索恩 [ 美 ],《 黑洞与时间弯曲 》,李泳 译,湖南科学技术出版社,2000
168.戴维.费尔律 ,《霍金的宇宙》海南出版社,2000年,赵复恒译。
169.达娜.狄索妮,《宇宙大碰撞》谈祥柏 译,中国青年出版社,1998
170.约翰.格里宾,《星星宇宙谁的年龄大》陈振声 译,昆仑出版 社 2000
171.保罗.戴维斯,《上帝与新物理学》 徐培 译,湖南科学技术出 版社, 1995
172.Peter Coveney & Roger Highfield,《时间之箭》江涛、向守平 译,湖南科学技术出版社,2001
173.Stephen W.Hawking,《时间简史》许明贤、吴忠超 译,湖南 科学技术出版社,2001
174.伊戈尔.诺维科夫,《黑洞和宇宙》黄天衣、陶金河 译,江苏人 民出版社,2000
175.Sechell,Jonathan 《地球的命运》杨克明、丁自强译,联径出版事业公司,1984
176.宇宙信息,引力探测器B证明爱因斯坦是对的;‘哈勃’,‘斯隆’使已知光学爱因斯坦环增加3倍。 《天文爱好者》2006,1. P.17.
178.须眉,说说影子物质。《天文爱好者》2001,1. P.23.
179.何香涛,黑洞---类星体的发动机(五)。(NGC5128,一个可能的白洞候选者)。《天文爱好者》2008,3. P.48-51.
180.刘宇星,现代宇宙学的诞生。《天文爱好者》2008,11. P.64-67.
181.许梅,创建大爆炸宇宙学说的故事(中)。《天文爱好者》2001,4. P.9-12
182.徐梅,弹射宇宙模型简介。 《天文爱好者》2008,6. P.32-33.
183.李良,托勒密及地心宇宙体系(下)。《天文爱好者》2008,11. P.72-75.
184.李良,他结束了人类肉眼观天的时代。《天文爱好者》2008,3. P.66-72.
185.须眉 编译,一举解决三个宇宙之迷。《天文爱好者》2006,7. P.50-51.
186.张恩红 编辑,谁家珍珠子散落苍宇中。《天文爱好者》2006,2. P.65.
187.秦恒,宇宙探索之路。银河系周围的星系团。《天文爱好者》2010,1. P.26-34.
188.刘宇星,形形色色的星系。壮观的星系宇宙(NASA). 《天文爱好者》2008,6. P.34-37.
189.李鉴,找到“失踪”了的类星体。《天文爱好者》2007,12. P.43.
191.张博,2012—世界末日?(伽玛暴在天空的分佈)《天文爱好者》2008,10. P.60-69.
192.徐玢,太阳系的十大迷题。天王星为什麽会躺着自转?《天文爱好者》2009,1. P.31.
193.李开封,红外线天文卫星AKARI. AKARI在9微米巡天的结果。《天文爱好者》2009,9. P.22-25.
194.邹振隆,2008年天文大事回眸。首次目击一颗恒星绕银心走完一圈。《天文爱好者》2009,1. P.29。
195.李文宽,探索银河系的结构。银河系属于棒旋星系。《天文爱好者》2008,3. P.60-65.
196.宇宙信息,漩涡星系NGC7331,大小同银河系相似,星系旋转曲线测量揭示暗物质的存在。《天文爱好者》2009,1. P.18-21.
197.何香涛,追逐类星体(6)。室女座星系团中的M87(宇宙探照灯)。《天文爱好者》2006,6. P.65.
198.赵君亮,星星到底有多远(8):开发星系的测距功能。《天文爱好者》2008,3. P.52-55.
199.澄然,星云之迷。金牛座蟹状星云。《天文爱好者》2008,3. P.56-59.
200.何香涛,黑洞—类星体的发电机(二)。形形色色的黑洞。《天文爱好者》2007,12. P.72-75.
201.《飞向太空》150个趣味问答:96.宇宙中有多少个星系?97.宇宙中有多少个恒星?《太空探索》2004,12. P.36-37.
202.邹振隆 编译,引力的彩虹—引力透镜的故事。《天文爱好者》2001,3. P.43-44.
203.谢天,宇宙信息:发现一颗逆行系外行星。《天文爱好者》2009,12. P.14-17.
204.杨大卫,黑夜佯谬与宇宙视界(二)。《天文爱好者》2009,12. P.81-83.
205.李良,我们宇宙的未来。《天文爱好者》2009,3. P.38-44.
206.许槑,暗物质与暗能量。《天文爱好者》2008,11. P.68-71.
207.易轩,关于宇宙的几个误解。《天文爱好者》2008,6. P.38-39。
208.徐玢,太阳系的十大谜题。“先驱”号的轨道偏离之谜。《天文爱好者》2009,1. P.30-33.
209.杨大卫,黑夜佯谬与宇宙视界(三)。《天文爱好者》2010,1. P.46-48.
210.王江夏,奥秘无穷的时间与空间。《飞碟探索》2010,3. P.62-63.
211.许涵,关注气候,关注生命:黑洞的自转速度。《自然杂志》2010,2. P.112-115.
212.徐槑,验证宇宙暴涨说。《自然杂志》2010,4. P.195转201.
213.赵君亮,天体尺度上的重大灾变事件—-恒星的形成和归宿(上)。《自然杂志》2010,4. P.202-206.
214.苏宜,引力透镜效应与暗物质探测。《自然杂志》2010, 4. P.236-238.
215.许涵,科技,让生活更美好。科学家发现另类天体。《自然杂志》2010, 3. P.180-183.
216.许槑,质疑大爆炸宇宙模型。《天文爱好者》2005,11. P.48-49.
217.刘宇扬,骇人天灾逐个数。《天文爱好者》2005,11. P.24-26.
218.梁心文,星系间的碰撞与合倂(下)。《天文爱好者》2005,11. P.45-47.
219.肖军,大地是方的,还是圆的?《天文爱好者》2005,11. P.50-51.
The references mainly are used in the posters.